Internet Collaboration Overview

Online Chatting

Online chatting is a text-based communication between two or more people over the network. In this, the text message is delivered in real time and people get immediate response.

Talkomatic was the world first online chat system. It was developed by Doug Brown and David R. Woolley in 1973.

Chat Etiquette

Chat etiquette defines rules that are supposed to be followed while online chatting:

  • Avoid chat slang

  • Try to spell all words correctly.

  • Don’t write all the words in capital.

  • Don’t send other chat users private messages without asking them.

  • Abide by the rules created by those running the chat.

  • Use emoticons to let other person know your feelings and expressions.

Web Based Chat Services

Following web sites offers browser based chat services:

FacebookIt was founded by Mark Zuckerberg with his college roommates at Harvard university. Facebook lets the user to create personal profile, post status & photos, and receive notifications.
eBuddyIt is an instant messaging service. It supports multiprotocol instant messaging clients.
ConvoreIt offers real time web based chat system.
MeBeamIt offers video based chat between the clients to create video conferencing rooms for up to 16 people.
Yahoo! MessengerIt offers PC-PC, PC-phone, Phone-to-PC, file transfer, webcam hosting, text messaging service etc.
WhatsAppIt is an instant messaging service application available on smart phones.
GmailIt offers instant chatting, sending and receiving mails, and video calling services.

Instant Messaging (IM)

Instant messaging is a software utility that allows IM users to communicate by sending text messages, files, and images. Some of the IMs also support voice and video calls.

NimbuzzIt is native iPhone app. It supports voice and video chats, file sharing, and group chats with panache.
eBuddyeBuddy IM helps to have all your buddies from multiple IM accounts in one single list.
Imo.inIt has capability to link all your IM accounts together. You can log on to all of your IM accounts by just logging into
MeBeamIt offers video based chat between the clients to create video conferencing rooms for up to 16 people.
Yahoo! MessengerIt offers PC-PC, PC-phone, Phone-to-PC, file transfer, webcam hosting, text messaging service etc.
GoogleTalkIt is an IM by Google and one of the most widely used.
LyncLync is an IM developed by Microsoft. It is widely used in corporate sector for internal and external communication as well.

Internet Relay Chat (IRC)

Internet Relay Chat is a protocol developed by Oikarinen in August 1988. It defines set of rules for communication between client and server by some communication mechanism such as chat rooms, over the internet.

IRC consist of separate networks of IRC servers and machines. These allow IRC clients to connect to IRC. IRC client runs a program client to connect to a server on one of the IRC nets. After connecting to IRC server on IRC network, user can join with one or more channels and converse over there.

IRC Commands

Following commands are used while connected to an IRC server. Almost of the below commands will work with most of IRC clients and servers.

/away (message)Leaves a message let the others know why you are gone.
/clearClears the text from current window.
/clearallClears all the text from all of the opened windows.
/dcc chat (username)Opens a chat window with the username that you specify.
/helpBrings up a list of all the commands or the help window.
/ignore (on/of) (username)Allows you to ignore or not ignore a user.
/ignore (+/-) (username)Alternative to ignore or not ignore a user.
/join (#channel)Joins a particular chat group.
/nick (username)Changes the username
/part (channel)Leaves specified channel.
/ping (username) Pings a specified user and it let you know how far they are in seconds
/whowas (username)Shows information about specified user that was in earlier.
/ping (channel)Pings all users in specified channel.

Video Conferencing

Video conferencing or Video teleconferencing is a method of communicating by two-way video and audio transmission with help of telecommunication technologies.

Modes of Video Conferencing


This mode of conferencing connects two locations only.



This mode of conferencing connects more than two locations through Multi-point Control Unit (MCU).


Video Sharing

Video sharing is an IP Multimedia System (IMS) service that allows user to switch voice calls to unidirectional video streaming session. The video streaming session can be initiated by any of the parties. Moreover, the video source can be the camera or the pre-recorded video clip.

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